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高考英语短文改错答题6步法(附100道专项练习题+答案) 英语听说考试辅导
[ 编辑:北京自主招生 | 时间:2019-10-22 16:51:49 | 浏览:75次 ]
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短文改错是很多同学的短板,不管练习多少篇文章都不能准确的把握短文改错的答题技巧,今天老师就分享给大家超级好用的高考英语短文改错答题6步法,还附100道练习题含答案。

1

必须熟悉设错方式

1. 必须熟悉设错方式:多词、少词、错词。

⑴ 多词现象大多出现在冠词、介词、助动词、连词、语义重复及行文逻辑等方面。

⑵ 少词现象主要出现在冠词、介词、副词、助动词、不定式符号to、连词等。

⑶ 错词现象主要在冠词、介词、名词单复数、动词时态、非谓语动词、主谓一致、代词、连词、词形。

2. 平时应加强基本功训练,用一个“错题集”本把自己或同学在书面表达中出现的错误归纳一下,以便考前复习。

短文改错与书面表达一样,最能反映一个人的语言功底。大家在该题上失分最厉害,因为此题而影响英语总成绩的占大多数。

2

对全文宏观把握

大家应把改错内容当作一篇小短文来理解,这样能对短文有个宏观把握,对上下文有全面的了解。

在理解篇章的基础上逐句审读,分析判断,上下兼顾,把明显的、拿的准的题先做完,这样可以缩小包围圈,也有助于对全文的进一步理解。

3

从语法角度审查

1. 查看时态是否一致。

My favorite sport is football. I was a member of our football team. 全文都是用的一般现在时,此句中的was显然与上下文语境不符,应改为am。

2. 查看主谓是否一致。

Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them. cost应改为costs,因其主语是it(为形式主语),且上下文均为一般现在时。

3. 查指代是否一致。

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.句中的主语the Smiths表的是Smith一家人,因此指示代词his应改为their。

4. 查平行结构是否平行一致。

由and, or, but, either...or..., neither...nor..., not>It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. 句中的drove显然与and前面的to meet不平行,应改为drive。

5. 查名词的单复数与修饰词语或上下文是否一致。

We study quite a few subject, such as Maths, Chinese... quite a few 只能修饰复数名词,故subject应改为subjects。

6. 查行文逻辑是否一致。

Most people can quickly get help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill.根据行文逻辑,这里不应该由since来引导原因状语从句,而应该是when / whenever或if来引导时间或条件状语从句。

4

十大常见错误

短文改错是有一定的规律可循的,纵观近几年的高考试题及我们平常的模拟考试,可以发现短文改错主要有以下十大错误:

1. 形容词与副词的误用。

如exciting与excited,hard与hardly,possible与possibly,here与there等,以及形容词与副词的比较级与最高级。

2. 名词的单复数误用。

如在several,many,various,different,a few,one of等之后,常用名词的复数,在every与each之后常用单数。

3. 代词的误用。

如you与your,it’s与its,it与they或them,one与ones,宾格(如me)与反身代词(如myself)等的误用。

4. 介词的误用、缺少或多余。

常见的如in 与on,to与for,instead与instead of,because与because of等的误用。

5. 时态的错误。

看一篇文章,要有一种大局观,要上前下挂,看看上下文的时态是否一致。

6. 连词的误用。

如or与and的误用,and与but的误用,so与but的误用,because或since与so连用,though与but连用等。

7. 第三人称单数后的动词形式。

8. 一些固定结构的误用。

如so...that被误用作very...that,too...to被误用very...to,as...as被误作so...as等。

9. 定语从句中关系词的误用。

10. 一些常用词的误用。

如what与how,except与besides,any与some以及它们的合成词如anything与something,anywhere与somewhere等混淆不清。

5

验证答案

改完后,要回过头来重读一遍全文,查看改过后是否能使语气通顺,时态一致,合乎逻辑。再次通读可以在初改时感觉不顺的地方集中精力,仔细推敲,使答案更加准确。

6

多读多背增强语感

在平常的学习中一定要注重语感的培养,英语学习的根本任务是学习语言,而学习语言的根本在于学习和习得语感。语感一旦形成,就为英语学习打下了良好的基础。

语言是学出来的,所以要学好语言,一定要多读多背,尤其是背,它是语言习得最重要的途径之一。

单句改错.(下列句子各有一处错误,请改正)

1. Now people get a lot of informations from TV.

2. German is a European country.

3. They didn’t want me to do any work at family.

4. Yesterday I met an old friend of my father.

5. Boys and girls, don’t lose hearts. Do better next time.

6. They are of different size.

7. It is so beautiful place that you must visit it.

8. What a terrible weather we have been having!

9. It took place in France, an European country.

10. Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.

11. What good time we had last night!

12. We shall spend three-day holiday together.

13. I came to understand that was not easy to earn money.

14. Some parents think useless for girls to go to school.

15. When he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place.

16. One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher.

17. It’s important that we should think over before doing anything.

18. The truck was moving so fast that the driver couldn’t control.

19. I apologized and controlled me at my best till the dinner started.

20. We must take part in the social practice to prepare us well for our future.

21. The teacher did not punish for cheating but instead gave me a second chance.

22. Henry did not like his car, that ran badly and often broke down.

23. There was a five-pound note in the pocket of the trousers I had told her to wash it.

24. People can hardly do some fishing there.

25. I visited a place where is surrounded by mountains.

26. I am sure you will find>27. It was yesterday when he broke the window.

28. He had lost his glasses without them he couldn’t see.

29. Oliver Twist, the hero of the story, he was an orphan.

30. It starts with choosing a tree from neither a farm or a store.

31. She never has enough time for that she wants to do.

32. I find what I have>33. What necessary it is that we get rid of the bad habits .

34. It didn’t matter that I would win or not.

35. People in the US drink more coffee than people in any country.

36. The development will bring us much more hopes and chances.

37. The Olympics are held each four years.

38. A summer, Fane traveled abroad.

39. I hope you think about my request as soon as possibly.

40. I know you are particular interested in Human Rights.

41. As there is no air or water, there can be no life , too.

42. There were too many nice things that I didn’t know what to choose.

43. He decides to travel a lot and visit such many new places as possible.

44. I couldn’t see as clear as before.

45. The water in it is so dirty that it smells terribly.

46. I appreciate your help very well.

47. You always gave me specially attention and inspired me.

48. It was until midnight that it stopped raining.

49. People both at home and abroad have been great helped by the new computer.

50. He has to work if he wants to live comfortable.

51. She is a brave and honesty girl.

52. It is much easy to make plans than to carry them out.

53. It is convenient for me to prepare for the exam than before.

54. He gave me an order worthy 15 million dollars.

55. The tree was put into a Christmas stand that holds the tree up straightly.

56. Is teaching kids English as interested as you expected in college?

57. We had guests last night who had not stayed in it ago.

58. We are all very much active and the activities are enjoyable.

59. If you won’t want to take a taxi, you can go by bus.

60. Our city is a modern city. It set up in the early 1980s.

61. Bad habits not come suddenly.

62. I have caught a bad cold for a week and I can’t get rid of it.

63. Following the road and you will find the store.

64. I rush over without delay, jumped into the water and swam towards him.

65. You must do everything you can help them.

66. When a rabbit see something dangerous, it runs away.

67. Its tail, which is white, moving up and down as it runs.

68. Think perhaps I was too tired, I stood up and was going to sleep.

69. I was often tired and watch TV demands little effort.

70. The little girl hurried home with the remained money.

71. His young patient was soon able to get up and ran about again.

72. It was kind of them to meet me at the station and drove me to their home.

73. She liked it very much and reads it to the class.

74. There were over 1000 students attend it.

75. Is it likely to be any food at the party>76. Please excuse us for not able to say goodbye to you.

77. He spends hours>78. Filling with many people, the room is crowded.

79. At the interview there are many people who wait to interviewed for jobs.

80. It will cost a rocket a hundred thousand years to reach it.

81. There used to have a church in front of the school.

82. Hope you great success in your work!

83. All you can do is encouraging him, show him understanding and offer him advice.

84. In Friday afternoon, some students took part in a speech activity.

85. In a few weeks the story was returned to her.

86. It was very fine when I got up early>87. I rushed out the house as quickly as I could.

88. It is necessary to decide what is worth taking notice.

89. I had difficulty in grammar after I entered into the school.

90. She could hardly afford for the medical care.

91. But we don’t seem to have much time to talk about together.

92. He was punished because what he had done.

93. The ice isn’t thick enough for us to skate.

94. I gave you my luggage at a quarter of an hour ago.

95. I am writing to thank you with your kind help.

96. He means to come no earlier as that time.

97. We must return back to school this afternoon

98. Child as he is, but he knows a lot.

99. Having been ill for a long time, so she fell behind her classmates.

100. Thinking he happened to have no work to do, and he came back home.

Answers

1-5 informations-information; German-Germany; family-home; father-father’s; hearts-heart;

6-10 size-sizes; a place; 删除a; an-a; 删除a

11-15 a good time; a three-day; that后加it; think后加it; them-it;

16-20 showed后加it; think后加it; control后加it; me-myself; us-ourselves;

21-25 punish后加me; that-which; 删除it; some-any; where-which;

26-30删除it; when-that; them-which; 删除he; neither-either;

31-35 that-what; what-that; What-How; that-whether; any后加other;

36-40 much-many; each-every; A-One; possibly-possible; particular-particularly;

41-45 too-either; too-so; such-as; clear-clearly; terribly-terrible;

46-50 well-much; specially-special; was后加not; great-greatly; comfortable-comfortably;

51-55 honesty-honest; easy-easier; is后加more; worthy-worth; straightly-straight;

56-60 interested-interesting; ago-before; 删除much; won’t-don’t; It后加was;

61-65 habits后加do; caught-had Following-Follow; rush-rushed; can后加to;

66-70 see-sees; moving-moves; think-Thinking; watch-watching; remained-remaining;

71-75 ran-run; drove-drive; reads-read; attend-attending; it-there;

76-80 not后加being; talks-talking; Filling-Filled; to后加be; cost-take;

81-85 have-be; Hope-Wish; encouraging-encourage; In-On; In-After;

86-90 删除on; out后加of notice后加of; 删除into; 删除for

91-95 删除about; because后加of; skate后加on; 删除at; with-for;

96-100 as-than; 删除back; 删除but; 删除so; 删除and;


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